188.8.131.52 Stereophonic Receiver Built with TDA7088TStereophonic radio broadcast is performed in the ultra short waveband, from 88 MHz till 108 MHz. All radio transmitters operating in this range are stereophonic, but their signal is designed so that monophonic receivers can also read it, performing the compatibility. The readers that wish to get acquainted in more details with the stereophonic broadcast basics can refer to the “Radio Receivers” textbook, for the IV grade of the Electrotechnical Highschool.
Making an introduction to this part, a operating principle of the stereophonic radio receiver shall be considered, its block diagram shown on pic.4.18. Comparing this diagram with the one of the monophonic receiver given on pic.4.6, one may notice that they are identical, up to the block called "The Decoder". It means that, as already described, exiting the FM detector the LF signal is obtained, i.e. the information that was used to perform the frequency modulation in the transmitter. However, this is not an ordinary LF signal, but the one, called the "composed" (KS) or "multiplexed" (Mpx) signal. Besides the full-scale LF signal used by the monophonic receiver,
it also contains the so-called auxiliary signal which allows the separation of left (L) and right (R) channels in the stereophonic receiver. E.g. if a direct broadcast of some band music is performed, the left part of performers is being recorded with one microphone (the signal marked as L), whilst the right side is recorded with the other one (it’s a R signal). These two signals are being led in the FM transmitter in the stage called “the coder”. Exiting the coder we have the multiplexed signal Mpx which contains, in an indirect manner, both left (L) and right (R) signal. Frequency modulation of the transmitter is being performed with the Mpx signal. In the receiver, Mpx signal is obtained on the output of the FM Detector and is then led to the decoder. This stage plays a role complementary to the one of the coder in the transmitter, therefore two signals are exiting it, the L and D signal. They are being amplified over two identical audio amplifiers, then reproduced over two same loudspeakers. The listener can now hear the left half of the performers from the loudspeaker placed on its left, and the right half from the loudspeaker that is placed on its right. The performers that are situated in the middle of the orchestra are being equally reproduced from both loudspeakers, making an impression to the listener as if there’s a third loudspeaker, located in the middle, between the left and right one. Based on all this, the listener has a picture about the layout of the performers in space, which significantly improves the total musical impression.
Electronic circuit of a portable stereophonic radio receiver with headphones reproduction, made with TDA7088T is shown on pic.4.19. It is a receiver whose practical realization was described in the previous project, with decoder with TDA7040T and dual audio amplifier with TDA7050T blocks added, the latter was discussed in PE5.
* L3, L4 and L5 are HF chokes that allow for the headphones cable to be used as a reception antenna. This is accomplished by connecting one of the headphones’ contacts from the plug-in, over the 10 pF capacitor, to the point where, acc. to pic.4.14, the outside antenna is connected. The coils represent big resistance to the station signals, preventing them to “go to ground” over the 47 mF capacitor or over the TDA7050T output. Each coil has 3 quirks of the 0.2 mm CuL wire, threaded through ferrite pearls, as shown on detail in the right corner of the pic.4.19. If telescopic antenna is to be used, these coils should be omitted.