The author of this book, as great radio techniqe lover (amateur, in French), owns great collection of over 150 pieces of various old-timer radio receivers. There is one among them that is over 60 years old, at which the tuning is being done by two knobs. With first one the receiver is set roughly to the desired station, which is usually barely heard at that moment. The second knob is then turned until the optimum reception is achieved, which is significantly better than before, and in case of weak stations - extremely better. The selectivity of simple receivers that were described in previous chapters can be significantly increased by using the aforementioned dual tuning. The electronic diagram is shown on pic.5.15-a. Another oscillatory circuit, made of L1 and C1 connected in series, is inserted between the antenna connector and input circuit of the receiver (it can be any of the earlier described AM receivers). As with the earlier mentioned parallel oscillatory circuit, the resonance frequency of the serial circuit is given by the Thompson pattern:The serial oscillatory circuit has very small impedance (compared to the parallel circuit whose impedance is very big on the resonance frequency). The dependance of the impedance (”resistance”) of the serial oscillatory circuit from the frequency is shown on the diagram on pic.5.15. As you can see, the serial circuit acts as a resistor of very small impedance only for the station that it’s tuned at. For all other stations, it behaves as a huge resistor (impedance). All in all, from all the signals in the antenna, the biggest current, and therefore the biggest voltage on the input circuit is created by the transmitter that both serial and parallel oscillatory circuits are set to. The tuning is done as it has already been described, first with C (so-so), then with C1 (much better).* Between the coils L1 and L a magnetic coupling should be prevented. This is accomplished by mounting the coils to be as far from each other as possible, and to position their axes mutually perpendicular.* Greater experimenting opportunities with dual tuning provides the diagram on pic.5.15-b. Once again, it’s the serial resonance (in circuit L1, C1), and parallel resonance (in circuit L, C), that are being used. The coils are placed side-by-side, in order to generate magnetic coupling between them. The tuning is done as previously explained, but now we also have a possibility of changing the amount of magnetic coupling between the coils by moving them closer or farther, which affects the antenna’s influence on the L, C oscillatory circuit, therefore changing its selectivity and sensitivity.